How to Foster Moral-Democratic Competence

Schloss Hohenfels, Germany

Last revision:
July 18, 2021


Access to protected material:

User = kohlberg

Pw = kmdd kurs

KMDD Training Manual - KTM
download here , deutsch

- final -

If you wish to obtain the KMDD-Trainee certificate, you must complete the nine tasks below (marked red) and submit them as an e-portfolio (PDF) after the KMDD seminar-workshop, not later than August 10th, 2021. more

Pre-workshop tasks to be completed before the workshop:

Task 1) Small survey with four or more people: what does morality mean and how can it be fostered? To access survey form (deutsch), click here.

Task 2) For writing a short dilemma story use this form (deutsch).
Bring four copies with you to the workshop.

Task 3) Complete a short, anonymous questionnaire which helps me to improve this workshop. Click here (in Deutsch!)

Print out the cover forms for the portfolio engl. | deutsch and the eight work pieces engl | deutsch before the workhop.

We will start punctually on 14:00 !!!

Please arrive on time and contact the hotel early in order to organize the bus shuttle (30 minutes) from the train stations in Ludwigshafen (Bodensee) and Stockach to the hotel.

Lunch is possible at the hotel on 12:30. It must be ordered two days before.

Tel: +49 (0)7557-929190, Mobil: +49 (0)1525-2332304

14:00 - 14:30

Aim of the KMDD workshop-seminar: Fostering moral competence (slide)


14:30 - 16:00

Discussion Theater I (KMDD)

Dilemma schedule, Observation sheet

16:00 - 16:30
16:30 - 17:00

Self-introduction of the participants

17:00 - 17:30

How to write an 'educative' dilemma story

Task 4) Form for writing your own dilemma-story: English | Deutsch

17:30 - 18:00
Writing/revising your moral dilemma-story
19:00 - 22:00
Socializing (performance by Christian Hostettler, asked)
9:30 - 9:45

Instruction (directed by Mim Meisinger)
Introduction into the exercise dilemma clarification

9:45 - 11:15

Dilemma Clarification I: Small groups of 4 participants. The participants take up their roles: one as 'director,' one as 'supervisor,' and two as participants. Everyone gets 20 minutes.

Task 5) Documenting the 'dilemma clarification' task.
Form: English | Deutsch

11:15 - 11:45
Revising one's own dilemma story with a partner.
11:45 - 12:00
12:00 -13:00

Soll Theo die Demo abblasen?

Theo steht vor einer heißen Entscheidung.

Er hat schon oft Demos veranstaltet. Immer wieder wurden sie verboten. Für morgen haben er und seine Mitstreiter eine Demo für die Meinungfreiheit vorbereitet. Die Vorbereitungen laufen seit Tagen. Er hat sie angemeldet. Er hat alle Auflagen erfüllt und war sich sicher, dass sie genehmigt wird.

Hundert Tausend wollen mitmachen. Die Demo wird alles übertreffen, was bisher war.

Heute morgen der große Hammer: Verbot. Im Netz brach ein Sturm los. Alle bestürmten Theo. Er solle die Demo nicht absagen. Er solle der Konfrontatiom diesmal nicht ausweichen.

Theo weiß, er muss sich schnell entscheiden. Am Abend werden schon die ersten Busse zur Demo aufbrechen. Dann ist die Sache nicht mehr aufzuhalten.

Theo braucht Ruhe. Er schließt sich eine halbe Stunde lang in die Toilette ein.

Was geht ihm durch den Kopf?

12:00 - 13:00
Dilemma Clarification II: plenary session for 2-3 presentations of 20-30 minutes.
13:00 - 14:30
Lunch break

14:30 - 15:30

Making moral competence visible:
The Moral Competence Test (MCT)

  • What is moral competence?
  • What is the MCT's moral task?
  • Making moral competence visible, like a X-ray, without subjective rating ("qualitative") or dubious statistical models ("quantitative")
  • The means: An experimentally designed questionnaire
  • Translating the visual into a numerical: The C-score

Reading: Lind (2019, Ch. 4): Meaning and measurement. Text... Download (older German version)

Moral Competence Test (MCT)

Searching for errors (more)

Analysis and interpretation (more)

15:30 - 16:00
16:00 - 17:30

Training (directed by Dr. Daniel Tello)
Calculating the C-score for MCT data by hand (please bring your smartphone or pocket calculator along)

Form for making moral competence visible.

Task 6) Documentation of the calculation of the C-score by hand.
Explanation of the scoring | Erkärung der Auswertung
Sample data

9:30 - 10:00

Instruction (directed by Barbara Brugger)
The exercise "dilemma presentation"

Task 7) Documentation of the presentation exercise.
Form: English
| Deutsch

10:00 - 11:00
Exercise dilemma presentation with wait-time rule (deutsch)
Small groups of four participants.
Everyone session takes 20 minutes. The participants take turns with their role: one 'director', one 'supervisor' und two 'participants'
11:00 - 11:30
11:30 - 13:00

a) Four dilemma clarification sessions (15 minutes each)

b) Reflection
What is it that makes you feel the dilemma of the protagonist?

13:00 - 14:30
Lunch break

14:30 - 16:00

C > 20. The moral ideal of democracy requires some moral-democratic competence

- Baron de Montesquieu's wrong idea: Balancing power instead of overcoming it.
- Thomas Jefferson: Democracy needs education
- Clark Black: School house burning (Jefferson got lost)
- John Dewey: Education needs democracy
- Jean Piaget:
Granting moral autonomy, not pseudo-democratic rituals
- Lawrence Kohlberg's tragedy: Inventing and giving up dilemma discussion

16:00 - 16:30
16:30 - 17:30

The paradox of democratic education: Preparing children for freedom though coercion (mandated objectives, curriculum, discipline, age-grouping, time-table, standards, grading, testing)

9:30 - 11:00
The idea of the Konstanz Method of Dilemma Discussion (KMDD)
- Solving the paradox of democratic education: preparing people for freedom without coercion
- True democracy: The rule of morality instead of human authorities
- Fearless learning: Free speech and human dignity
- Fostering moral competence through opportunities for using it
- Optimal level of learning through alternating phases of challenge and support: nine acts
11:00 - 11:30
11:30 - 13:00

Discussion Theater II. Director: Dr. Kay Hemmerling

13:00 - 14:30
Lunch Break  
14:30 - 15:30

The relevance of moral competence for behavior

15:30 - 16:00


16:00 - 17:30

The attractiveness, efficacy and efficiency of the
KMDD® (alias Discussion Theater)

9:30 - 10:30

- Requirements for the KMDD-Trainee certificate (english, deutsch)
- Pick a learning partner
- Support: KMDD Training-Manual (english | deutsch), web, mailing list, supervision, ITSE
- The KMDD-Teacher certificates: timed and life-time
- Our new Institute for Moral-Democratic Competence (IMDC) e.V.

- Membership, Colloquium, Workshops and Symposia

10:30 - 11:00
11:00 - 12:00
Questions of the participants
12:00 - 13:00
- How useful was the workshop for you?
Take notes for the portfolio task 8

16th International Symposium on
Moral Competence: Its Nature, Relevance, and Teachability

Change: Postponed until fall 2021, online on YouTube (access will be announced here)

See program here (see past events here)

Tasks to be completed after the workshop-seminar:



Deadline for portfolio

Task 3, continued): Please fill out the final questionnaire. Click here!

Task 8) Answer the question: What did you learn in this workshop-seminar? (2-3 pages).

Task 9) Review your learning partner's portfolio and have her/him review your portfolio as well. (ca. 1/2 page).

Deadline for portfolio: If you wish to obtain the "KMDD Trainee Certificate" (valid for two years), you must send your portfolio with all the work pieces/tasks in electronic format (PDF)
not later than
August 10, 2021

Use the following cover forms for:

- portfolio engl. | deutsch
- work pieces engl | deutsch

Handwritten material should also be sent in electronic form (scans with 150 dpi).

Links to material:
  • Download the KMDD-Training Manual KTM here: English | deutsch
  • The Konstanz Method of Dilemma Discussion (KMDD)® web-site ... more
  • Information on the KMDD-Teacher Certificate: ... . engl | deutsch
  • Studies on the Discussion Theater and Konstanz Method of Dilemma Discussion (KMDD)® and related topics ... more
  • Studies on the Moral Competence Test (MCT) and its scientific foundation ...more
  • Publications by Georg Lind ... more
Impressum, Kontakt und Haftungsausschluss | Datenschutz | (c) Copyright von Dr. Dr. Georg Lind | KMDD® is a protected trade mark in many countries