Last revision: Dec. 21, 2021

Discussion Theater



Fostering Moral and Democratic Competence

Preliminary program, Konstanz, July 26-30, 2021

Preparation | Workshop | Symposium | Post processing | Documents | Cover Sheets for Portfolio & Work piece | Portfolio Instructions | KMDD Home Page | Literature on the KMDD | Opinions on the KMDD | KMDD Forms | Certification

how to teach morality
Berlin: Logos, 2019

For getting the KMDD-Trainee certificate, all nine tasks need to be documented as 'work pieces' and submitted as an electronic portfolio after the KMDD workshop-seminar.... more

Pre-workshop tasks/workpieces to be completed before the workshop:

Task 1) Little survey of four or more people: What does morality mean and how can it be fostered. Download questionnaire here.

Task 2) Write a dilemma story using this form (click on it).
Ask two persons this question:
"Did you feel there was a dilemma in this story? If so, how would you describe it?"

Task 3) Fill out a two-page questionnaire on two dilemma stories. Download

If you want to access documents from outside this program,
you will have to insert the codes for user = kmdd kurs, and for password = kohlberg.

We will start punctually on 9:00 a.m. !!!

9.00 - 9.30

Aim of the workshop-seminar: becoming an effective and responsible KMDD-Teacher

Introduction into the KMDD

Portfolio form for KMDD-Trainee certificate

9.30 - 11.00

Discussion Theater "Speaking & Listening" (dilemma discussion among the participants

Material: Dilemma schedule, Observation sheet

11.00 - 11.30

11.30 - 12.30


Moral competence: Its nature and relevance, and the need to foster it


12.30 - 13.30
  Lunch break  
13.30 - 14.00

Self-introduction of the participants

14.00 - 15.30

The four principles of effective fostering of moral- democratic competence


15.30 - 16.00
16.00 - 16.30
How to write an 'educative' dilemma story.
Write your own dilemma-story
Task 4) Document the task "revising of educative dilemmas"
16.30 - 17.00
Writing/revising your own moral dilemma-story.
~ 19.00 - 22.00
  Optional: Joint dinner at the restaurant "Costa del Sol"; bus stop "Schottenplatz".  
9.00 - 9.30

Introduction into the exercise dilemma clarification

Slides: Writing-clarifying-presenting
9.30 - 11.00

Dilemma Clarification I: Small groups of 4 participants. The participants take up their roles: 1 director, 1 supervisor, 2 participants. Everyone does a 20-minute-session.

Task 5) Document the 'dilemma clarification' exercise.
clarification report

11.00 - 11.30
Re-writing one's own dilemma story in teams of two.
11.30 - 12.00
12.00 - 13.00
Dilemma Clarification II: plenary session for 2-3 presentations. of 20-30 minutes.

13.00 - 14.00


Lunch break


14.00 - 15.00

Calculating the C-score for MCT data by hand (please bring your smartphone or pocket calculator along)

Task 6) Document a calculation of the C-score by hand. Sample data
15.30 - 16.00
16.00 - 17.30

Meaning and Measurement of Moral Competence: The Moral Competence Test (MCT) (formerly called Moral Judgment Test, MJT)

  • Analysis and interpretation (more)
  • Searching for errors (more)
  • Frequently asked questions on the MCT (more)

Reading: Lind (2019, Ch. 4): Meaning and measurement. Text... Download

17.30 - 18.00

-- open --



9.00 - 9.30
Introduction into the exercise "dilemma presentation"
Slides: Writing-clarifying-presenting
9.30 - 11.00

Exercise dilemma presentation with wait-time rule
Small groups of four participants.
Everyone does a 20-minute-sessions. The participants take turns with their role: 1 'director', 1 'supervisor' und 2 'participants'

Task 7) Documentation of the dilemma presentation exercise. Form: English


11.00 - 11.30
11.30 - 13.00

How to check the efficacy of your methods of fostering moral competence? (ITSE)

Slides: Measuring teaching-efficacy

Slides: Effect sizes of interventions

13.00 - 14.00
  Lunch Break  

14.00 - 15.30


The aims and efficacy of Discussion Theater (DT) / Konstanz Method of Dilemma Discussion


15.30 - 16.00
16.00 - 17.00

- Requirements for the KMDD-Trainee and the KMDD-Teacher certificate; portfolio.
- Outlook: Offering Discussion Theater / KMDD in schools, universities and in the public.
- Support: Web, mailing list, association Institute for Moral-Democratic Competence (IMDC) (in progress)

Certificates: Flyer

9.00 - 10.30

Second Discussion Theater


10.30 - 11.30
How useful was the workshop for you?
Continue: 1:00 p.m. (13:00) International Symposium (under development)

Post-workshop assignments:

Task 8) Posttest: Fill out the MCT again and respond to the question: What did you learn in this workshop-seminar? (2-3 pages)

Task 9) Review the portfolio of a course partner and have your portfolio reviewed by one, too. (ca. 1/2 page)

Deadline: If you want to get the "KMDD-Trainee-Certificate" (valid for two years), you must submit your portfolio with all work pieces/tasks in electronic form until Sept. 31, 2021 to Georg.Lind[ät]

For the cover sheets for the portfolio and the work pieces, please use the portfolio cover and work-piece-covers. Hand-written material can also be submitted in electronic form (scans with 150 dpi).

Download the KMDD-Trainingmanual (KTM) from here /deutsch.

Links to material:
  • The Konstanz Method of Dilemma Discussion (KMDD)® web-site ... more
  • Information on the KMDD-Teacher Certificate: ... . more
  • Forms and lists ... more
  • Studies on the Discussion Theater and Konstanz Method of Dilemma Discussion (KMDD)® and related topics ... more
  • Studies on the Moral Competence Test (MCT) and its scientific foundation ... more
  • Reading on clinical-developmental supervision (mostly in German) ... more
  • Publications by Georg Lind ... more
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